How many languages in Pakistan are spoken? - Worldbioco

When Pakistan was formed in 1947, despite the fact that Punjabi was the main language in Western Pakistan (still today in modern Pakistan) and the majority in East Pakistan and Pakistan as a whole, English and Urdu were chosen as the national languages. Urdu's decision was due to its association with Muslim nationalism in South Asia and because the leaders of the new nation wanted a unifying national language rather than promoting one ethnic group's language over another. Article 251 of Pakistan's Constitution states that these two languages would be the only official languages at the domestic level, whereas provincial governments would be permitted to create provisions on the use of other languages. 

How many languages in Pakistan are spoken? - Worldbioco
Language of Pakistan

Urdu is Pakistan's official language and is used and taught in instructional organizations on formal occasions, public administration. Urdu's origin and role are discussed in the chapter below. The International Mother Language Day (IMLD) is marked worldwide to highlight the significance of linguistic and cultural diversity, including Pakistan, throughout the world.

Urdu is the domestic language of Pakistan, but it is spoken by only 10% of the individuals, according to Ethnologue. Punjabi is the most prevalent language since it is spoken by 46 percent of individuals. The website claims Sindhi is spoken by 12 percent of individuals, Seraiki and English by 8 percent, Pashto by 12 percent, Balochi by 3 percent, Hindko by 2 percent and Brahui by one percent.


Punjabi is the most commonly spoken language in Pakistan.[5 ] More than 44% of Pakistanis, mostly in Punjab, speak as a first language. The 11th most commonly spoken Indian language and the third most commonly spoken Indian subcontinent language.


More than 15.42 percent of Pakistanis speak Pashto as a first language, primarily in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, including Tribal Areas of Pakistan formerly Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Northern Balochistan, as well as in ethnic Pashtun groups in Karachi, Islamabad, Rawalpindi, and Lahore. Karachi is one of the world's most Pashto-speaking towns. In neighboring Afghanistan, where it has official language status, Pashto is also commonly spoken.


A maximum of 14.5 percent of Pakistanis, mostly in the province of Sindh, parts of Balochistan, Southern Punjab, and Balochistan, speak the Sindhi language as a first language. It has a wealth of literature and teaches in schools. It is a language that is Indo-Aryan (Indo-European).  One of his biggest poets is Shah Abdul Latif Bhita'i (1689–1752), who wrote the renowned poetic compendium Shah Jo Risalo, which contains the folk tales "Sassi Punnun" and "Umar Marvi."


Balochi is spoken by about 4 percent of Pakistanis as a first language, mostly in the province of Balochistan. In terms of figures, Rakhshani is the biggest dialect group. It is one of Pakistan's nine distinguished languages. Because Balochi is a very poetic and rich language and has some degree of affinity with Urdu, the writers of Balochi tend to be very good poets in Urdu as well, and Ata Shaad, Gul Khan Nasir and Noon Meem Danish are great examples.

In Pakistan, what languages are spoken?

English and Urdu are Pakistan's official languages. A remnant of the region's British colonial rule, English provides a significant medium in the country's official communication. Many Pakistani academic institutes use English for instructional purposes. English is spoken together with the local languages in the elite class homes and casual circles. Urdu is both Pakistan's official and domestic language. Some regional languages spoken in the country are Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, and Balochi. The ethnic minority groups are speaking their own languages.

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